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Benua Australia, Benua Terkecil di Dunia

Posted by on May 6, 2011

Peta Benua AustraliaBenua Australia merupakan benua terkecil di dunia dengan luas wilayah Australia adalah 7.682.300 km2. Lebar wilayah tersebut kira-kira 3200 km dari pantai timur ke barat dan panjangnya 3700 km dari Tanjung York di pantai utara sampai Tanjung Tenggara di Tasmania.

Benua Australia terletak di belahan bumi bagian selatan antara Samudera Pasifik dan Samudera Hindia, membentang dari garis lintang 10o 41′LS sampai garis lintang 43o 39′LS dan dari garis bujur 113o 09′BT sampai 153o 39′BT.

Di Benua Australia hanya terdapat satu negara yaitu Australia dan negara Australia merupakan negara terbesar keenam di dunia dari segi luasnya, setelah Rusia, Kanada, Cina, Amerika Serikat, dan Brasil.

Negara Australia dibagi menjadi enam negara bagian dan dua wilayah dengan Ratu Elizabeth II adalah Ratu Australia dan diwakili oleh seorang Gubernur Jenderal dan enam Gubernur negara bagian. Pada tingkat nasional, Australia diatur melalui suatu parlemen nasional yang kekuasaannya ditetapkan oleh suatu undang-undang. Undang-undang tersebut mulai berlaku sejak tanggal 1 Januari 1901, yakni ketika negara-negara bagian di Australia bersatu membentuk Negara Persemakmuran Australia.

Negara Bagian atau Daerah Ibu Kota km 2
New South Wales (NSW) Sydney 801.600
Victoria (VIC) Melbourne 227.600
Queensland (QLD) Brisbane 1.727.200
Australia Barat (WA) Perth 2.525.500
Australia Selatan (SA) Adelaide 984.000
Tasmania (TAS) Hobart 67.800
Wilayah Australia Utara (NT) Darwin 1.346.200
Wilayah Ibukota Australia (ACT) Canberra 2.400

KoalaMeskipun sebagian besar Australia tidak begitu subur atau bahkan berupa gurun, Australia memiliki aneka ragam habitat dari mulai padang rumput beriklim alpen hingga ke hutan hujan tropika, dan diakui sebagai negara megadiversitas. Karena umur benua yang tua, pola cuaca yang sangat variatif, dan keterpencilan geografis, sebagian besar biota Australia adalah unik dan beraneka ragam. Kira-kira 85% tumbuhan berbunga, 84% mamalia, lebih daripada 45% burung, dan 89% di dekat pantai, ikan zona iklim sedang endemik. Australia memiliki sejumlah besar reptil negara lain, sebanyak 755 spesies.

Hutan-hutan di Australia sebagian besarnya memiliki spesies yang selalu hijau, khususnya pohon eukaliptus di kawasan yang kurang subur, akasia menggantikan mereka di kawasan yang lebih kering dan gurun sebagai spesies yang paling dominan. Di antara fauna Australia adalah monotremata (platipus dan ekidna); sejumlah marsupialia, termasuk kanguru, koala, dan wombat, dan burung seperti emu dan kookaburra.Australia adalah rumah bagi banyak binatang yang berbahaya termasuk beberapa ular yang paling mematikan di dunia.

Sumber:

http://www.dfat.gov.au/aii/publications/pengantar/index.html

http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Australia

Fenomena Alam :Benua Australia,Benua Terkecil di Dunia,Koala,Peta Benua Australia,Peta Australia

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